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38 Downloadable Samples

Nucleus, Spot

10Xv3.1, visium

Bulk, Spatial Data

DiagnosisWilms tumor (38)
AbstractWilms tumor (WT) is the most common pediatric kidney cancer. WT is characterized by a significant degree of intratumor subclonal histologic and genetic heterogeneity. Histology is the greatest predictor of outcome, and patients with unfavorable histology (diffuse anaplasia) account for 5% of cases, but 50% of deaths from this disease. A critical barrier to understanding therapeutic resistance in WT is that resistant cells, particularly the anaplastic population in unfavorable histology WT, may represent a minor subclone in the tumor. Therefore, prior analyses based on bulk genome and RNA-sequencing may have failed to identify new anaplasia-specific therapeutic targets because of dilution by non-anaplastic cells in the tumor. Our preliminary single-cell RNA-sequencing experiments have revealed substantial transcriptomic heterogeneity in anaplastic and favorable histology WT patient derived xenografts. However, it has been challenging to assign specific cluster(s) to the anaplastic populations unambiguously. The purpose of this project is to resolve the transcriptome of the blastemal, epithelial, and stromal cellular populations in Wilms tumor and to unambiguously identify the expression signature of anaplastic clones in anaplastic histology WT. We aim to achieve this goal by analyzing 23 favorable histology WT and 22 anaplastic histology WT with single-nuclei RNA sequencing. This study will help establish an anaplasia-specific expression signature in unfavorable histology WT. Furthermore, our approach will also identify how tumor-stromal interactions, which play a key role in therapeutic resistance, may differ between anaplastic and favorable histology components within unfavorable histology WT. The long-term intellectual impact of this study is that the expression signature established by our work is likely to advance the understanding of therapeutic resistance in this treatment refractory tumor subtype.
Additional Sample Metadata Fieldsmetastasis, participant_id, relapse_status, scpca_project_id, submitter, submitter_id, vital_status
Alex’s Lemonade Stand Foundation for Childhood Cancer333 E. Lancaster Ave, #414, Wynnewood, PA 19096 USAPhone: 866.333.1213 • Fax: 610.649.3038Email: scpca@ccdatalab.org